The Conference Theme
It has been the practice of GLOBELICS to encourage researchers to present papers on issues of relevance for society, policy makers and management in the host country. Keeping this practice in mind, the theme of GLOBELICS 2007 has been finalized as follows.
The transformation of Russia from a centrally planned economy to a market economy has proved to be more difficult than was expected by most experts outside and inside the country. A specific problem has been the difficulty to develop appropriate institutional arrangements to convert the knowledge capital (the highly educated population, scientific institutions and technical infrastructures) of the Soviet era into a lever of innovation in the enterprise sector. The performance of academic science and technology is high in certain fields but when it comes to industrial applications the level is uneven and sometimes comparable to what can be found in less developed countries. Some of these problems have to do with missing links between universities, industry and research centers, but there are more fundamental factors that are partly inherited from the earlier era and some that are specific to the transformation conditions. These factors are related to social capital, industrial networking and organizational learning making it difficult to establish a dynamic learning economy in Russia.
In a context of intense global competition it is fundamental to find ways both to mobilize science for economic development in Russia and to find ways to vitalize innovation at the level of specific firms and industries. The regional and federal governments and industries in Russia can learn from others’ experience to address the challenges of heightened international competition. GLOBELICS 2007 will provide an opportunity for Russia’s corporate and academic sectors to interact with leading economists and management scholars.
Learning from others is especially important because Russia’s innovation performance falls short of her potential both in high technology sectors and in traditional sectors of the economy. Russia shares with other developing and transition economies problems of poverty, unemployment, rural urban divides and inequality. This in turn hampers the growth of domestic markets and slows down a broad-based development process. To avoid a heavily unbalanced development, the public and private agents at the regional level need to find ways to mobilize innovation and knowledge to enhance competitiveness and to address the issues of poverty, unemployment and inequality. This implies a combination of R&D-investments, investments in human resources and organizational change, including linking the firms to knowledge intensive networks and the academia.
The outcomes of multilateral trade liberalization of the past decade has induced developing countries and emerging economies to search for new trade alignments and also to foster closer technological alliances. Given the capabilities built up over the years by some major emerging economies such as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) and others, there is scope for fostering technological partnerships among these countries for their own benefit and harnessing their capabilities to hasten the catching up PROCESS by less developed countries. In this context, GLOBELICS 2007 will explore possibilities of building new technological bridges in South-East cooperation, especially in the context of the BRICS-countries. Comparative analysis of the experience of China and Russia in learning, innovation and competence building will be a special highlight of GLOBELICS 2007.
The conference covers six broad themes and within each theme, there are a number of sub-themes:
1. University-industry-government partnership
· Higher education, innovation and economic development
· Science parks and building the university-industry link
· The role of the university in the learning economy
2. Organizational change, intrapreneurship and entrepreneurship
· Organizational change, innovation and economic transformation.
· Measuring organizational change and entrepreneurship: Learning from surveys in other countries
· The role of entrepreneurship in emerging innovation systems.
3. Transnational, national, regional and sectoral innovation systems
· Regional innovation systems
· Sectoral innovation systems and industrial clusters
· Global value chains, transnational and national innovation systems
4. Evolutionary economics, economic development and economic transformation
· Evolutionary economics, public policy and welfare
· The evolutionary foundation of innovation system analysis
· Economic development and transformation in the light of evolutionary economics
5. The social dimension of the learning economy
· Social capital and economic development
· New perspectives on innovation, growth, social needs and equity
· Innovation for broad-based development – innovation in informal sectors
6. Public policy and markets in the context of global competition
· The role of institutions and market competition in transformation and innovation
· FDI, spill-overs and the fostering of indigenous innovation capabilities
· BRICS and international co-operation in science and technology